Besides wind and solar energy, Bioenergy is also considered an option to decarbonize the environment as Paris work hard to achieve their climate goals. The Bioenergy production plan is exceptional, especially when blending with CO2 capture from biomass power farms and directing it underground. However, leading a large-scale bioenergy farm to success globally needs land and a massive amount of clean water to irrigate the land. The two facts can be at odds with obeying the planet’s boundaries. An international research team has put into use powerful well-detailed computers to calculate the additional water stress that could result in people in the global in the event of conventional irrigation.
In a Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research report, lead author, Fabian Stenzel, states that future biomass farm irrigation without adequate clean water can cause more harm than good. It would be an unfortunate situation where the globe struggles to provide fresh water for the growing population in severe water stress. However, Fabian talked about a way to solve the crisis and still have Bioenergy as a power source. With sustainable water management, the water stress scenario can go behind us, and it is something we wouldn’t have to worry about., no doubt.
What is sustainable water management? It means that political policies must be put in place where the water allocation schemes reduce the water from rivers, and people can make more efficient water use. Coauthor and researcher in the IIASAWater Security Research Group, Sylvia Tramberend, talked about finding ways to collect and store rainwater or mulching land to prevent water evaporation. Besides, sustainable water management means preserving water from natural causes and ensure that the ecosystems are undisturbed. This process needs international support due to transboundary river management.
Global warming and the growing population will likely increase the people suffering due to water stress by 80%. Effective use of Bioenergy will capture CO2, redirecting it to the ground, and plants can use the gas for growth. Capturing the gas emissions will help the planet reduce CO2 emissions. This option is a necessary climate mitigation target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Water scarcity is a challenge that the world is facing. And as much as biomass plantation will help reduce the gas emissions to the environment, it will increase the use of water. With freshwater irrigation, more people will face water stress since the population keeps growing with time. However, with a sound water management system, the number would go down. Climate mitigation is one of the sustainable development goals that the world hopes to achieve. Current reports after a well-researched study show that sustainable water management is vital and offers a safe space for humans.